In Bible versions:
concubine of Eliphaz
daughter of Seir, a contemporary of Esau
a chief of Edom
son of Eliphaz
a hill town of Judah near Beth-Shemesh and the Dan border
Timnath or Timnah or Thimnathah = "portion"
1) a town on the northern boundary of Judah later assigned to Dan
2) a town in the hill country of Judah
8553 Timnah tim-naw'
from 4487; a portion assigned; Timnah, the name of two places in Palestine: KJV -- Timnah, Timnath, Thimnathah.
see HEBREW for 04487
Timna or Timnah = "restrained"
n pr m
1) a chief or duke of Esau and of Edom
n pr f
2) the concubine of Eliphaz, the son of Esau
3) daughter of Seir the Horite and sister of Lotan
8555 Timna` tim-naw'
from 4513; restraint; Timna, the name of two Edomites: KJV -- Timna, Timnah.
see HEBREW for 04513
- tim'-na (timna`; Thamna): A conbubine of Eliphaz, Esau's son, and the mother of Amalek (Gen 36:12
). But in Gen 36:22
and 1 Ch 1:39
Timna is the sister of Lotan, and in Gen 36:40
and 1 Ch 1:51
a chief or elan of Edom (see TIMNAH (3)). These variations are to be expected when the origin of genealogies is recalled. (In Genesis, English Versions of the Bible read, contrary to rule, "Timnah.") Gunkel's theory is that Gen 36:12a
is a later insertion in P.
- tim'-na (timnah, timnathah (Josh 19:43
; Jdg 14:1,2,5
), "allotted portion; Codex Vaticanus Thamnatha; also several Greek variations; King James Version has Timnath in Gen 38:12,13,14
; Jdg 14:1,2,5
; and Thimnathah in Josh 19:43
(1) A town in the southern part of the hill country of Judah (Josh 15:57). Tibna proposed by Conder, a ruin 8 miles West of Bethlehem, seems too far N. (PEF, III, 53, Sh XVII). It is possible this may be the "Timnah" of Gen 38:12,13,14.
(2) A town on the northern border of Judah (Josh 15:10), lying between Beth-shemesh and Ekron. It is probably the same Timnah as Judah visited (Gen 38:12-14), and certainly the scene of Samson's adventures (Jdg 14:1 f); his "father-in-law" is called a "Timnite" (Jdg 15:6). At this time the place is clearly Philistine (Jdg 14:1), though in Josh 19:43 it is reckoned to Dan. Being on the frontier, it probably changed hands several times. In 2 Ch 28:18 it was captured from the Philistines by Ahaz, and we learn from Assyrian evidence (Prison Inscription) that Sennacherib captured a Tamna after the battle of Alteka before he besieged Ekron (Schrader, Die Keilinschriften und das Altes Testament, 170). The site is undoubted. It is now a deserted ruin called Tibneh on the southern slopes of the Wady es Surar (Valley of Sorek), about 2 miles West of Beth-shemesh. There is a spring, and there are evident signs of antiquity (PEF, II, 417, 441, Sh XVI).
(3) There was probably a Timna in Edom (Gen 36:12,22,40; 1 Ch 1:39,51). Eusebius and Jerome (in Onomasticon) recognized a Thamna in Edom at their time.
(4) The "Thamnatha" of 1 Macc 9:50 (the King James Version) is probably another Timnah, and identical with the Thamna of Josephus (BJ, III, iii, 5; IV, viii, 1). This is probably the Tibneh, 10 miles Northwest of Bethel, an extensive ruin.
E. W. G. Masterman
- A place which formed one of the landmarks on the north boundary of the allotment of Judah. (Joshua 15:10) It is probably identical with the Thimnathah of (Joshua 19:43) and that again with the Timnath, or, more accurately, Timnathah, of Samson (Judges 14:1,2,5) and the Thamnatha of the Maccabees. The modern representative of all these various forms of the same name is probably Tibneh, a village about two miles west of Ain Shems (Beth-shemesh). In the later history of the Jews, Timnah must have been a conspicuous place. It was fortified by Bacchides as one of the most important military posts of Judea. 1 Macc. 9:50.
- A town in the mountain district of Judah. (Joshua 15:57) A distinct place from that just examined.
- Inaccurately written Timnath in the Authorized Version, the scene of the adventure of Judah with his daughter in-law Tamar. (Genesis 38:12,13,14) There is nothing here to indicate its position. It may be identified either with the Timnah in the mountains of Judah No. 23 or with the Timnathath of Samson [No. 1].